These ants get their name from a myth that these ants caused a plague in ancient Egypt, hence the name Pharaoh. This species of ants originated from Africa but now is commonly found worldwide. Moisture, protein and warm environment attract these ants. It can be a bit tricky to figure out how to get rid of pharaoh ants due to their tendency to shift their colonies.
How do I know it’s a Pharaoh Ant?
Pharaoh ants are tiny, almost 2mm long. These ants have light yellow bodies with black abdominal markings. Pharaoh ants can sometimes be mistaken for Thief ants in appearance. A very distinguished difference between the two is that pharaoh ants have three segmented antennal clubs whereas the Thief ants have only two. Pharaoh ants form nests in dark warm places indoors such as pantries. These ants are commonly found in hospitals as well as restaurants since they thrive on grease and protein-based food. Pharaoh ants can be a hazard in hospitals because they can contaminate sterile equipment and spread diseases.
What Attracts Pharaoh Ants?
This particular species of ants are attracted to meat, sweet food, oily food, cereals and other food that are rich in carbohydrates and proteins such as pet food. Although pharaoh ants bite, they do not sting. Their bites are painful and it can transmit diseases but it’s not poisonous.
Get Rid of Pharaoh Ants Naturally:
There are a variety of natural and chemical products that can be used to get rid of pharaoh ants. Ant baits of different types are preferred when it comes to eradicating pharaoh ants. The aim is to target the nest and not just the ant worker.
Using Vinegar to Get Rid of Pharaoh Ants:
Mix ½ a c of vinegar in 1-quart water along with 2 tbsp of soap. Use this mixture as an ant spray. Not only will it wipe the pheromone trail but also suffocate the ants to death. Shuffle through our list of remedies using vinegar to get rid of ants.
DE Ant Bait for Pharaoh Ants:
Diatomaceous earth is a popular and effective choice for ant baits. The DE molecule penetrates wax coating of ants and kills them within 30 to 48 hours.
What you need:
Diatomaceous earth 2tbsp
Spatula to mix
Mix DE and sugar then place the container where ants are commonly spotted. The DE doesn’t kill ants instantly; it gives them enough time to carry the bait back to their nest to feed poison to its fellow ants.
Borax Ant Bait to kill Pharaoh Ants:
A lethal borax and sugar solution is used to target the pharaoh ant nest. The sugar in this ant bait can be substituted with a variety of sweet food such as honey and molasses. Ideally, the ratio of borax to sugar should be equal. To create this ant bait, mix the borax and sugar in equal quantities.
Cinnamon Oil to Repel Pharaoh Ants:
The aroma of cinnamon repels pharaoh ants. In order to deter pharaoh ants, cinnamon powder can be sprinkled around the affected area. If you think cinnamon powder can get a bit messy, then it is suggested that you use cinnamon essential oil. Dab a few drops of cinnamon essential oil on a cotton ball and wipe clean the surface. A cinnamon infused cotton ball can also be placed in different locations to repel the pharaoh ants.
Baking Soda and Sugar Pharaoh Ant Bait:
Mix sugar and baking soda in equal quantities in order to create this pharaoh ant bait. Baking soda isn’t poisonous, but the formic acid in pharaoh ants reacts with baking soda to produce CO2 in excess, which eventually kills the ants.
Why is it difficult to Eradicate Pharaoh Ant?
Pharaoh ants nest are commonly located in areas that are not accessible such as in furniture, behind the baseboards and between the wall voids. The colonies of pharaoh ants have more than one queen. The pharaoh ant queen along with a few of its workers migrates to another location if the nest is threatened, hence making it extremely difficult to eradicate the nest. Pharaoh ant Queen can easily establish more than one colony in a short period of time.
Why Avoid Pesticides to Kill Pharaoh Ants?
When a pharaoh ant nest is targeted with chemical pesticide it only worsens the situation because the ants scatter and their queen creates new nests. Their tendency to create multiple colonies increases the infestation. It is therefore recommended to use ant baits in order to get rid of pharaoh ants.